|Stadt Fürstenwalde | Spree
|Development of fact sheets for the creation of an area pool for compensation measures
|Fürstenwalde | Spree
The City of Fürstenwalde has initiated an area pool for nature conservation compensation and replacement measures. The areas were selected on the basis of areas designated for protection, maintenance and development measures in the landscape plan. As they are owned by the town of Fürstenwalde, they are readily available and generally suitable as compensation areas. The biotope areas were mapped and assessed with regard to their suitability for enhancement measures. A concept sketch was drawn up for each of the selected areas. This sketch describes the existing situation, such as the location in the landscape (parcels of land, aerial photograph), existing planning statements (land use plan, landscape plan, location in the biotope network, etc.) and lists the biotope types. The potential for enhancement is analysed and evaluated in relation to the protected assets and areas for measures are differentiated. The results were presented in the form of fact sheets.
A total of 16 potential compensation areas were evaluated in the factsheets. The measure complexes were divided into 65 individual measure areas, which were numbered and organised according to their enhancement potential. The spectrum ranges from wet sites (bogs, marshes and wet meadows), dry sites (dunes) and woodland areas to public green spaces in the city. In addition, 14 proposals for potential compensation areas/measures were assessed and evaluated by the Fürstenwalde municipal forestry department, 6 of which were included in the area pool.
The proposed measures cover a broad spectrum: for example, the removal of woodland on wet meadow and moorland sites threatened by succession, coupled with the development of forest edges if they are surrounded by forest. Restoration of a village pond as a species-rich habitat for plants and animals by dredging siltation and alluvial material, sealing the bottom of the pond and regular reed mowing. This includes the ecological enhancement of a town square with the maintenance and promotion of dry grassland, the preservation and replanting of shady trees as cool spots in the urban landscape or the alternative creation of a “Tiny Forest”. In populated areas, a balance must always be struck with recreational interests. The interests of animal groups such as birds, insects, reptiles/amphibians or bats were also assessed and the promotion of their habitat or special habitat suitability was recommended.
The fact sheets provide plenty of photographic material to visualise the measures.